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Perspectives

Pittsburgh Perspectives  

Archive List Link to PEQ
Monday, April 19, 2021  01:05 PM  (48)

EEO Employment Data Update for Pittsburgh

Last fall, UCSUR compiled workforce data for the Pittsburgh region from the Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation produced by the U.S. Census Bureau. This special tabulation of data derived from the Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) highlights diversity in the labor force and is sponsored by a consortium of federal agencies including the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the U.S. Department of Labor (Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs), the U.S. Department of Justice, and the Office of Personnel Management (OPM). EEO Special Tabulations serve as the primary external benchmark for comparing the race, ethnicity, and sex composition of an organization's internal workforce. This previous report used the most recent EEO data available at the time which was compiled using the Census Bureau’s 2006-2010 American Community Survey.

In March of 2021, the Census Bureau distributed updated EEO data compiled from the American Community Survey 5-Year (2014-2018) estimates data.  This new data provides a much more recent picture of employment by race and ethnicity in the labor force. However, unlike previous EEO data distributed by the Census Bureau, this latest EEO Special Tabulation does not provide specific employment information for the Pittsburgh region.  EEO data for the seven-county Pittsburgh Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is included in a list of MSAs suppressed in this data for confidentiality reasons, but data is available for specific areas within the Pittsburgh region.

Compiled here is a summary of EEO data for jobs located in the city of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County. This data reflects employment as measured by place of work and employment counts  reflect an average of data collected over five years between 2014 and 2018.  For both the city of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County employment by place of work exceeds employment measured by place of residence as a result of commuting flows and because both areas are major centers of employment within the region. 

The EEO data estimates that 301,955 jobs were located within the city of Pittsburgh, and 698,890 jobs were located in Allegheny County on average during the 2014-2018 period. Table 1 below summarizes the race and ethnicity of workers in both the city and county. While the city has a slightly higher proportion of Black workers compared to the nation (12.1% compared to 11.8%), the representation of Hispanic workers at jobs located within the city of Pittsburgh is significantly lower than it is across the nation (2.2% versus 17.0%).  Compared to the city, Allegheny County has a higher proportion of white non-Hispanic workers and a correspondingly lower proportion of workers in other race categories. 

Table 1: Employment (by location of job site) by Race and Ethnicity

City of Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, and the United States, 2014-2018

 

City of Pittsburgh

Allegheny County

United States

Hispanic

6,570

2.2%

12,715

1.8%

27,543,140

17.0%

Non-Hispanic

 

 

 

 

 

 

  White-Alone

240,255

79.6%

588,595

84.2%

101,741,575

62.7%

  Black-Alone

36,550

12.1%

64,220

9.2%

19,212,390

11.8%

  American Indian-Alaska Native

175

0.1%

410

0.1%

911,350

0.6%

  Asian

12,840

4.3%

21,005

3.0%

9,250,275

5.7%

  Native Hawaiian - Other Pacific Islander

70

0.0%

140

0.0%

269,225

0.2%

  Balance Non-Hispanic

5,500

1.8%

11,800

1.7%

3,320,240

2.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Workers

301,955

 

698,890

 

162,248,195

 

 

The EEO special tabulation includes employment data across major occupation groups and for detailed occupation categories.  The EEOC identifies nine major occupation groups. Table 2 summarizes employment for jobs located in the city of Pittsburgh for each of these major occupation groups as well as by race and ethnicity.  The proportion of workers who were Black in these jobs ranged from a high of 26.1% in service occupations to 6.8% among workers in professional occupations. More information on the EEOC job classification are available on the EEOC website here.

Table 2: Employment by EEOC Occupation Group and Race and Ethnicity

Jobs Located in the City of Pittsburgh, 2014-2018

 

 

 

 

 

Non-Hispanic

Occupation Group

Total

Hispanic

White-Alone

Black-Alone

Asian-Alone

All Other

Officials and managers

34,640

570

1.6%

30,015

86.6%

2,425

7.0%

1,185

3.4%

449

1.3%

Professionals

114,740

1,880

1.6%

94,905

82.7%

7,855

6.8%

10,099

8.8%

2,239

2.0%

Technicians

11,730

325

2.8%

9,080

77.4%

1,600

13.6%

725

6.2%

280

2.4%

Sales workers

19,595

480

2.4%

16,055

81.9%

2,120

10.8%

940

4.8%

375

1.9%

Administrative support workers

43,550

925

2.1%

34,370

78.9%

6,750

15.5%

1,510

3.5%

605

1.4%

Craft workers

14,740

380

2.6%

12,865

87.3%

1,060

7.2%

435

3.0%

215

1.5%

Operatives

12,520

300

2.4%

9,130

72.9%

2,470

19.7%

624

5.0%

234

1.9%

Laborers and helpers

9,880

520

5.3%

7,240

73.3%

1,690

17.1%

430

4.4%

305

3.1%

Service workers

40,560

1,185

2.9%

26,595

65.6%

10,585

26.1%

2,190

5.4%

1,040

2.6%

 

EEO data also provides employment for 236 detailed occupation categories as well as by race and ethnicity. Table 3. Below shows the detailed occupation categories that employ the largest number of Black workers in the city of Pittsburgh, again as counted by place of work. Specific occupations employing the highest number of Black workers at jobs located within the city of Pittsburgh include 1) Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides, 2) Building cleaning workers, and 3) Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists. An Excel file with employment for all 236 detailed occupation categories and by race/ethnicity for the City of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County is available here.

Table 3. Occupations With the Highest Number of Black workers

City of Pittsburgh, 2014-2018

Occupation

Total

Black Workers

 

Workers

#

%

Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides

6,460

2,935

45.4%

Building cleaning workers

6,040

2,065

34.2%

Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists

6,630

1,685

25.4%

Other office and administrative support workers

7,945

1,195

15.0%

Customer service representatives

5,375

1,155

21.5%

Private detectives, investigators, security guards and gaming surveillance officers

3,230

1,065

33.0%

Information and record clerks, except customer service representatives

5,100

1,015

19.9%

Laborers and Material Movers

5,005

1,000

20.0%

Cooks and food preparation workers

4,370

955

21.9%

Secretaries and administrative assistants

8,615

885

10.3%

Other health technologists and technicians

5,620

785

14.0%

Cashiers

2,885

690

23.9%

Bus drivers

1,020

655

64.2%

Childcare workers

1,585

615

38.8%

Registered nurses

11,755

600

5.1%

 

The EEO special tabulation provides additional data on employment for both the city of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County and for other counties or groups of counties within Pennsylvania.  Data is also available for employment by place of residence as well as by sex, industry, age and educational attainment.  More information on the Census Bureau Special Tabulation is available online here

 




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